This simple project helps children learn the shapes of the letters. It will help them develop writing and reading skills. Working the play dough develops fine motor skills that will be used for writing as well as hand eye coordination. While they put the play dough onto the letter tell them the letter name and the sounds it makes. This will help them associate the sound of the letter with the shape giving them the skills they will need to sight read.
It is important to introduce literacy at an early age. You can do this by exposing them to print in multiple areas of their life, such as letter magnets, books, posters with words, and songs about letters.
Imagination plays an important role in brain development. Reading and creating stories help children learn to think on their own and connect several thoughts together. Encourage children to elaborate their stories. Ask them why their characters performed certain actions, or how their invention works.
Some Children may need help starting, give them a picture to explain, or a few sentences to get them started. Most important give them plenty of time to read! While reading they have to fill in the missing information.
"In the city of Ember, the sky was always dark. The only light came from great floodlamps mounted on the buildings and at the tops of poles in the middle of the larger squares. When the lights were on, they cast a yellowish glow over the streets; people walking by threw long shadows that shortened and then stretched out again." - The City of Ember, by Jeanne DuPrau
The story has great description sparking imagination, but leaves room for the children to fill in the blanks. They fill in what the buildings look like, what the streets are made from, and what the people creating the shadows look like.
Imagination and creativity will take a child far, the world was once flat, entire populations didn't exists; it takes an imagination to see the possibilities of the future.